Immigrants Make Up 21.9% of Canada’s Population: StatsCan
The share of Canada’s growing population made up by immigrants has risen to 21.9 percent, up from 20.6 percent in 2011, and the majority of recent immigrants arrived through an economic immigration program.
These are just a couple of the many insights published by StatsCan, based on data gathered in last year’s census.
The immigrant population is defined as persons who are, or who have been, permanent residents in Canada. Immigrants who then went on to obtain
Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this group.
You have to go back to 1921 to find the last time the share of Canada’s population made up by immigrants was this high. Back then, just under two million immigrants represented 22.3 percent of the overall population.
Today, 7.5 million immigrants are spread across the country — and despite the fact that Toronto, Vancouver, and Montreal still attract more than half, more immigrants are choosing to settle in the Prairie provinces and Atlantic Canada. Government projections show that Canada’s immigrant population may reach as high as 30 percent by 2036.
Number and proportion of foreign-born population in Canada, 1871–2036
Immigrants’ backgrounds have also shifted over time. Whereas decades ago the main sources of newcomers to Canada were Europe and the United States, the latest figures reveal that 61.8 percent were born in Asia (including the Middle East). No fewer than seven of the top 10 source countries of new immigrants were Asian: the Philippines, India, China, Iran, Pakistan, Syria, and South Korea.
For the first time ever, Africa (13.4 percent) ranks ahead of Europe (11.6 percent) as a source continent. Nigeria, Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, and Cameroon made up the top five African source countries, while the United Kingdom and France provided the largest European sources. Newcomers from the Americas and Oceania represented 12.6 percent and 0.7 percent, respectively.
The census also shows that more than three-in-five immigrants (60.3 percent) who arrived between 2011 and 2016 were admitted through an economic program. A further 26.8 percent arrived under the Family Class having been sponsored by a close relative, spouse, or common-law partner, and 11.6 percent were refugees. Around a quarter of all immigrants admitted in the first five months of 2016 were refugees, far higher than the general trend due to the government’s effort to quickly resettle displaced Syrians.
Economic arrivals are welcomed because they have the proven capability to settle into the Canadian labour market. Canada’s internationally-praised economic immigration system has undergone an overhaul during the period since previous figures like these were last released in the National Household Survey of 2011. In January, 2015, Canada’s main economic immigration programs moved from a first-come, first-served model to the Express Entry system, which allows the government to invite eligible candidates to apply for permanent residence on a priority basis. With Express Entry, Canada can bring in more of the world’s best and brightest, while also managing the supply of applications, thereby reducing processing times to less than six months in most cases.
Express Entry has proven to be a successful system, with nearly 140,000 Invitations to Apply having been issued at the time of writing. The majority of invitations have been issued this year, as Express Entry becomes the main driver of economic immigration to Canada. The Comprehensive Ranking System used to rank Express Entry candidates rewards individuals with work or study experience in Canada, meaning that Canada is able to welcome large numbers of immigrants from both outside and inside the country.
As more immigrants settle, communities across Canada are benefiting from their energy, expertise, and skills. Traditionally, most newcomers to Canada settle in one of the three largest cities: Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. This remains the case. In 2016, immigrants made up 46.1 percent of Toronto’s population, 23.4 percent of Montreal’s, and 40.8 percent of Vancouver’s.
However, cities and communities in the Prairie provinces (a regional term that includes Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba) are receiving higher proportions of the overall number of newcomers than before. For example, Winnipeg, the capital of Manitoba, attracted 4.3 percent of immigrants between 2011 and 2016, around double the overall share of the Canadian population that lives in that city.
Other cities in the Prairie provinces that have witnessed an increase in immigration settlement include Regina and Saskatoon in Saskatchewan, as well as Calgary and Edmonton in Alberta. Immigrants are increasingly attracted to these destinations for the employment opportunities and high living standard, among other factors.
Another region on the rise is Atlantic Canada, made up of the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and Prince Edward Island (PEI). Together, Atlantic Canada accounts for 2.3 percent of recent immigrants to Canada, as each Atlantic province has received larger numbers of new immigrants than before.
According to the government, the way in which some provinces and territories use their Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) is one of several factors that can explain changes in the geographic distribution of newcomers to Canada. More than half of new immigrants living in PEI, New Brunswick, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Yukon were admitted through a PNP. Nationally, 16.4 percent of all recent immigrants — or 27.3 percent of economic migrants — arrived through a PNP.
Though Ontario remains the most popular province for recent immigrants, with 39 percent of them residing there, this figure is down from 55.9 percent as recently as 2001. It should be noted that overall immigration levels have increased over this period, and so rather than it being a case of fewer immigrants residing in Ontario, it is more a case of an increasing number of newcomers choosing other destinations. Indeed, despite the fact the overall share of recent immigrants choosing Ontario has decreased so far this century, the real number of immigrants living in that province has actually increased from just over three million to nearly four million.
French Language Program
Register for one of the 6-level programs depending on your proficiency. This French program is PEQ recognized. Learning French encourages you to improve your linguistic ability in different social, professional and personal environments.
During the 40 hours per level program, teachers will assist you in written exercises to reinforce your grammar and vocabulary. Through the interaction and listening activities, this course will guide students toward understanding the functions of the French language in a professional and social setting.
Most levels follow the same schedule (the sessions get taken up very quickly):
Summer Camp Canada
Summer camp - International Summer Language Camp provides an educational and cultural experience for young people, ages 10 to 17. All classroom instructions, accommodation, meals and activities occur on the world-class campus of Carleton University, in Ottawa, the capital city of Canada.
Since 1980, more than 15,000 participants from all over of the world have enrolled in this program. The primary objective is to offer a world-class learning environment which incorporates education, recreation, and travel in a safe and professional setting.
The summer program concentrates on the development of conversational and written English through formal classroom instruction and social interaction. The excursions included in this program are visits to Toronto, Montreal, Niagara Falls and Ottawa, specially designed to enhance the students knowledge of Canada and North American culture.
The Summer Camps program for international students teaches the Ontario Curriculum (combining Cambridge exam preparation) by our 100% University Certified educators, enhanced with boundless activities, all to aid in strengthening the knowledge of students in the English language and establish a foundation for future North American educational experiences.
2-week Program (14 nights)
This Summer Program begins on July 7. Besides the classroom instructions, the excursions below are included on the weekend,
Weekend 1 Excursion
Ottawa City Tour
This breathtaking tour will provide students with an early awareness of Ottawa’s beauty and will allow them to fully appreciate their temporary home. The city tour will include views of the Parliament of Canada, the Prime Minister’s residence, the Governor General’s Estate, the Byward Market, the Rideau Canal and the Supreme Court of Canada.
Museum of Nature
An ecological voyage into Canada’s past and present.
Weekend 2 Excursion
Located in Montebello, Quebec, a scenic 50-minute drive from Ottawa, this park allows students to experience from the safety of their bus, many species of Canadian wildlife (moose, deer, bear, wolf, raccoon, beaver, etc.) in their natural habitat.
Upper Canada Village
Visit Canada’s finest example of an authentic Canadian heritage village - circa 1850.